Injury to the lower part of the spinal cord can cause paralysis that affects the legs and lower body (called paraplegia). A spinal cord injury can damage some, many, or almost all of the nerve fibers that pass through the injury site. A variety of cells located in and around the injury site can also die. An acute spinal cord injury is caused by trauma to the spinal cord.
It's a medical emergency that needs to be addressed immediately. Injuries to the five lumbar vertebrae (L-1 to L) and, similarly to the five sacral vertebrae (S-1 to S), generally cause some loss of function in the hips and legs. People with T1 to T8 injuries generally affect upper torso control, limiting trunk movement and sensation as a result of lack of control of the abdominal muscles. Spinal cord injuries tend to affect men more than women, and nearly half of people who suffer a spinal cord injury are between 16 and 30 years old because of the increased likelihood of risky behaviors.
Many scientists are optimistic that advances in research will one day make it possible to repair spinal cord injuries. One of the key features is that these technologies will benefit people with new spinal cord injuries and those who have injuries from years ago. So what causes monoplegic paralysis? There are several causes, such as cerebral palsy, strokes, tumors, or brain injuries. The importance of these injuries is much more than just the movement of the arms and legs, as the sensation and all systems of the body are affected.
Spinal cord injuries can result from damage to the vertebrae, ligaments, or discs of the spine or to the spinal cord itself. Other causes include acts of violence (mainly gunshot wounds) with 13.84% and sports-related injuries with 8.46%. Spinal cord injuries are often the result of car accidents, accounting for 38.29% of SCI cases, followed closely by falls (31.32%). Complete injuries indicate that there are no messages in the affected area of the spinal cord injury.
Paraplegic paralysis is usually caused by spinal cord injuries, and these affect the brain's ability to send and receive signals from below the injury site. People with C5 injuries often have control of the shoulder and biceps, but there isn't much control in the wrist or hand. Meanwhile, treatments and rehabilitation allow many people with spinal cord injuries to lead productive and independent lives. People with C-7 and T-1 injuries can stretch their arms, but they can still have dexterity problems with their hands and fingers.
Cervical spinal cord injuries generally cause loss of function in the arms and legs, resulting in quadriplegia and spinal cord paralysis.